Development Framework Beyond 2015: To End POVERTY, We Must Fight Injustice
The UNDP has launched a discussion platform that should help the world to formulate future development framework that should build on the MGDS beyond 2015. This piece is our take in this on-going discussion. The MDGs represent a Global Partnership for Development (UN Millennium Campaign). In 2000, 189 nations adopted the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and the UN set 2015 as the deadline for achieving them. This was historic as it was the first time bound goals were set across a set of crucial areas-such as health, education, and basic income. Seven of the eight MDGS are primarily results sought in developing countries assisted with partnership with developed countries in goal eight. Like many other previous pacts, many felt it would be filed away and forgotten like so many UN and government pronouncements on the shelve. Good enough, the specific, measurable and time bound nature of the goals made the acceptable and many countries accepted them as framework for their country’s development. Thus, they have received highest priorities in many nations. During the course of implementing these goals, UN agencies, donor countries, and developing countries have looked at which programs would achieve the goals at the lowest cost. It was discovered that many programs were not making the impact in an effective way. Therefore, more rigorous evaluations to measure effectiveness were put in place. Countries were also encouraged to pursue pro-poor policies in their implementing these development goals.
Now, as we approach the 2015 target, the global community is taking a hard look at how it has fared in the achievement of these goals. It needs to be said that progress has been made although we won't achieve them all, we've made amazing progress, and the goals have become a report card for how the world is performing against major problems affecting the poor and marginalized. The goals on poverty, slums and water have been achieved ahead of the 2015 deadline. The MDGs target of reducing extreme poverty by half has been reached ahead of the deadline, as has the goal of halving the proportion of people who lack access to safe drinking water. More than 200 million slum dwellers have had their living standard improved-double the target. It should also be observed that some goals were highly set and therefore will not be met. We have reduced the number of mothers who die during childbirth by almost 50 percent, however, fall short of the goal of a 75 percent reduction.
Regrettably, we are not going to meet the most critical goals of reducing the number of children who die under the age of five by two-thirds. We have made remarkable progress. The number of children who die has come down from about 12 million in 1990 to 6.9 in 2011. This means that 14,000 fewer children across the world die every day than in 1990. Sadly, the two-third mark will not be reached by 2015. Nevertheless, some individual countries are on track to achieve this target. Ethiopia is one of them. It has used the MDGs to achieve the overhaul of its primary health care system. This has led to dramatic reduction in childhood deaths. There are no doubts that lessons have been learned in the formulation of priorities, implementation and evaluation of the 8 MDGs. It would therefore be important to strongly suggest that post MDGs platform must build on the lessons learned. Since seven of the goals were sought in developing countries with expected partnership with developed countries, it is important to ask who the developed countries have performed in goal eight which is absolutely important in the realization of the other seven goals in developing countries.
SpringAid International Development firmly believes that to end poverty, we must fight for and promote justice. Communities can drive their change when empowered with the right information. Poverty is the greatest social evil in our world today. The global community has all it takes to eradicate poverty, yet there is unwilling in many quarters within the global community and among individuals and interests groups all over the world in keeping fellow human beings poor and deprived. Until we recognize that human beings are not just figures. Our social, economic and cultural policies must be person centered. It is a human person that is poor, deprived of any quality life and condemned to a subhuman form of life. The development platform beyond 2015 must close this gap by setting highest priority on creating awareness in people of their rights and assisting them on how to demand for them. Furthermore, the rich countries must provide increased aid and debt relief, and access to their markets and technology (UNDP, 2003).
The Millennium Development Goals Eight Goals for 2015
1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2 Achieve universal primary education
3 Promote gender equality and empower women
4 Reduce child mortality
5 Improve maternal health
6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
7 Ensure environmental sustainability
8 Develop a global partnership for development